White Papers



The Basics of How an Encoder Works

An encoder is a sensing device that provides feedback from the physical world; that is, it converts motion to an electrical signal that can be read by some type of control device.

Read: The Basics of How an Encoder Works




A New Approach to Interpolated High Resolution Encoders

Encoder digital signals start as sine waves and can be interpolated to produce higher resolutions. Sine waves have to be clean and free of noise for effective interpolation.

Read: Interpolated High Resolution Encoders




Accuracy of Encoders

In motion control applications, it is imperative to get accurate, reliable motion feedback from the encoders providing position, velocity, or acceleration.

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Applying Encoders

Encoders provide velocity, acceleration, direction, and position feedback to motion systems. Two basic types of feedback are absolute and incremental.

Read: Applying Encoders



Encoders in Inhospitable Environments

Encoders are often used in harsh industrial environments. Encoders can be exposed to the same contaminants other machinery is, including: high volumes of dust, an abundance of moisture, caustic chemicals, even physical damage, where the encoder is knocked around by other equipment.

Read: Encoders in Inhospitable Environments



Gray Codes, Natural Binary Codes, and Conversions

This white paper will explain Gray Code, discuss converting Gray Code to Natural Binary, explain how to use software to convert to Gray Code, and converting Gray Code to Natural Binary in PLC ladder logic.

Read: Gray Codes, Natural Binary Codes, Conversions




Industrial Ethernet Communication Protocols

Industrial communications like all technologies, have undergone significant changes. Industry was once dominated by serial networks that utilized the technology that served the contemporary needs of the marketplace.

Read: Industrial Ethernet Protocols



Noise and Signal Distortion Considerations

To ensure clarity of signal from your encoder, and avoid excessive electrical noise, there are several options and installation considerations to take into account. Electrical noise must be mitigated, and there are several strategies to do that.

Read: Noise and Signal Distortion



Selecting Digital Encoder Outputs

The output type for an encoder is an important consideration when specifying an encoder for a motion control application. The first consideration is the number of output channels, and the second consideration is the receiving device.

Read: Selecting Digital Outputs



Seven Selection Criteria: Modular Rotary Encoders vs. Bearing Encoders

Modular rotary encoders are often used for closed-loop motor feedback. However, in many cases a rotary encoder with bearings is a better solution.

Read: Seven Selection Criteria



Shaft Loading and Sealing vs. Bearing Life Expectancy

The mechanical life of an encoder is mainly determined by the life of the unit’s bearings. Several factors affect bearing life, including shaft loading, heat, ingress, and rotational speed.

Read: Shaft Loading & Bearing life Expectancy



When to Choose a Magnetic Encoder Module

When determining if something as specialized as a magnetic encoder module is the right solution, there are many points to consider when trying to determine if it is the best solution for an application.

Read: Choose an Encoder Module



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